Yearly, Kashmir Martyrs Day (Youme Shudaha-e-Kashmir) is commemorated on July 13 within the reminiscence of 21 Kashmiris who have been martyred outdoors Srinagar Central Jail by the troops of Dogra Maharaja on July 13, 1931. This heinous incident befell on that day when individuals had gathered to witness the courtroom proceedings towards Abdul Qadeer who was charged for instigating Kashmiris to defy Dogra rule. The very day is noticed on each side of the Line of Management and everywhere in the world by the Kashmiris to pay homage to those Kashmiris.
The day is the milestone within the historical past, because it has given a brand new impetus to the Kashmir’s wrestle for independence in wake of Indian state terrorism which has continued within the Indian Occupied Kashmir, and has changing day by day into Martyrs day for the Kashmiris.
Nevertheless, the historical past of Dogra rule (1846-1947) in Kashmir is replete with tyrannous remedy, meted out to the Kashmiri Muslims by Dogra forces. Beneath the Dogra rule, they have been main so depressing life that it was troublesome to distinguish them from beasts. Slave labour, heavy taxes, capital punishment for cow slaughter, and dwelling beneath fixed terror was order of the day.
On this regard, Yousaf Saraf in his e-book, “Kashmiris Battle for Freedom” calls it “free pressured labour” and “as an alternative of donkeys and horses, Kashmiri Muslims have been used for transportation of products throughout the far-flung areas.” On this context, whereas describing the pathetic image of the Kashmiris in his ebook, “The India We Served”, Sir Walter Lawrence writes, “Military was employed in forcing the villagers to plough and sow, and worse nonetheless, the troopers got here at harvest time and when the share of the state had been seized” and “there was little or no grain to tide the unlucky peasants over the merciless winter.”
On April 19, 1931, the ban of Eid Khutba (Sermon) ignited widespread demonstrations within the Jummu metropolis for quite a lot of days. It was adopted by desecration of the Holy Quran by the hands of Dogra forces, which resulted into outrage among the many Muslims all through the state. In Srinagar, individuals gathered in Jamia Masjid to denounce this blasphemy.
One such get-together was held in Khankah-e-Muella Srinagar, which was addressed by outstanding Kashmiris. When the assembly was concluded, a youth, Abdul Qadeer, pointing his finger to the Maharaja’s palace, raised slogans “destroy its each brick.” With the accusation of sedition, he was arrested forthwith. Abdul Qadir was to be tried within the courtroom, however as a result of giant public resentment, the courtroom was shifted to Central Jail Srinagar.
On July 12, 1931, in response to the shifting of courtroom, intense public protests have been held all through the town. The subsequent day, on July 13, 1931, hundreds of individuals thronged the Central Jail Srinagar to witness the in-camera trial of Abdul Qadeer. Because the time for compulsory prayer approached, a younger Kashmiri stood for Azan. The Dogra Governor, Ray Zada Tartilok Chand ordered troopers to open hearth at him. When he obtained martyred, one other younger man took his place and began Azan. He was additionally shot lifeless. On this approach, 21 Kashmiris embraced martyrdom of their efforts to finish the Azan.
The individuals carried the lifeless and paraded via the streets of Srinagar, chanting slogans towards Dogra brutalities. Full strike was noticed within the metropolis, which was adopted by weeklong mourning. This incident shook the entire state and the visitors from Srinagar to Rawalpindi and Srinagar to Jammu got here to halt from July 13 to 26, 1931. The 21 martyrs are buried in Martyrs’ Graveyard at Khawaja Bazar, Srinagar.
Consequently, upon these brutal killings, the Kashmiri management realized the necessity to type a political get together, Muslim Convention (MC) with a view to waging wrestle for his or her freedom. Later, in 1934, state’s first elections have been held and MC gained 10 out of 21 seats, and after two years in 1936, it succeeded in getting 19 out of 21 seats.
Indian Congress was upset with this example and tried to create division within the ranks of Kashmiri management. Afterwards, on July 19, 1947, MC handed a decision to merge Kashmir with Pakistan, contemplating the geographical proximity—majority of Muslim inhabitants (77%), language and cultural relations of Jammu and Kashmir.
Sarcastically, regardless of a lapse of 71 years, Kashmiris are nonetheless struggling and sacrificing to realize their alienable proper beneath the UN resolutions for the plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir Valley is likely one of the most closely militarized areas on the planet with Indian 7 million armed safety forces that are perpetrating numerous types of state terrorism on the harmless Kashmiris.
Since 1989, a deliberate marketing campaign by the Indian military and paramilitary forces towards the Kashmiris has been manifested in brutal techniques similar to crackdowns, curfews, unlawful detentions, bloodbath, focused killings, sieges, burning the homes, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim ladies and killing of individuals by means of pretend encounter.
In addition to Human Rights Watch, in its numerous stories, Amnesty Worldwide has additionally identified grave human rights violations within the Indian managed Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim majority inhabitants within the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive techniques of the safety forces. Underneath the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Particular Powers Act and Public Security Act, safety forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot suspected individuals.”
In its report on July 2, 2015, the Amnesty Worldwide has highlighted extrajudicial killings of the harmless individuals by the hands of Indian safety forces within the Indian Held Kashmir. The report factors out, “Tens of hundreds of safety forces are deployed in Indian-administered Kashmir…the Armed Forces Particular Powers Act (AFSPA) permits troops to shoot to kill suspected militants or arrest them with no warrant…not a single member of the armed forces has been tried in a civilian courtroom for violating human rights in Kashmir…this lack of accountability has in flip facilitated different critical abuses…India has martyred one 100,000 individuals. Greater than eight,000 disappeared (whereas) within the custody of military and state police.”
On this respect, European Union handed a decision on Might 11, 2011 about human rights abuses dedicated by Indian forces within the Indian held Kashmir.
Notably, in 2008, a rights group reported unnamed graves in numerous areas of the Indian occupied Kashmir. On this connection, in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Fee (SHRC) formally acknowledged in its report that harmless civilians killed within the two-decade battle have been buried in unmarked graves.
Notably, overseas sources and human rights organizations together with Affiliation of Mother and father of Disappeared Individuals (APDP) have disclosed that unnamed graves embrace hundreds of individuals, killed by the Indian forces within the pretend encounters together with those that have been tortured to dying by Indian secret company RAW.
In its report China’s main Information Company Xinhua has unearthed extra ugly particulars on world-stunning unmarked graves in Poonch of the Indian occupied Kashmir. The report revealed the assertion of Sofi Aziz Joo, caretaker of a graveyard as saying, “Police and Military used to convey these our bodies and direct me to bury them. The our bodies have been often bullet-ridden, mutilated, faces disfigured and typically with out limbs and heads.”
It appears that evidently non-condemnation of those Indian large human rights violations and non-interference for the settlement of this situation by the so-called civilized worldwide group, particularly the US have additional inspired New Delhi to maintain on going with its state terrorism on the armless Kashmiri plenty. Ignorance of the difficulty by them includes the danger of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Indian authorities aren’t prepared to speak with Kashmiri individuals on political grounds. New Delhi reached to a conclusion that solely bullet is the correct method of coping with Kashmiris, demanding their proper of self-determination. Surprisingly, Indian successive governments try to disregard the dynamics of the liberty motion of Kashmiris for the sake of their alien rule.
It’s notable that dialogue between India and Pakistan happened on numerous events, however produced no consequence, prolonging the agony of the subjugated individuals of the occupied Kashmir because of Indian intransigence.
However, observance of Kashmiris’ freedom wrestle in the course of the Martyrs Day, yearly is reaffirmation of the truth that Kashmiris will proceed to battle towards Indian illicit occupation. On this context, Youme Shuhada-e-Kashmir is a perfect day for Kashmiris to hunt inspiration to take their conflict of liberation to its logical finish.
Right now of misery, the individuals of Pakistan’s aspect are sharing the grief of Kashmiri freedom lovers. Pakistan additionally observes Youme Shudaha-e-Kashmir on July 13, launching a protest towards the oppressive polices of Indian occupation, which have continued towards the hapless Kashmiris.
Nonetheless, on July 13, everywhere in the world, Kashmiris renew their pledge to proceed the continued conflict of liberation for the accomplishment of their proper of self-determination and for the independence of Kashmir from the despotic Indian rulers who proceed state terrorism within the Indian Managed Kashmir just like the Dogra rulers. In these phrases, each Day is Martyrs Day in Kashmir.